History of the Camera

The history of the camera began with the design of the first pinhole camera in 1000 C.E and culminated in 1839, when F.W. Herschel took the first picture and coined the word “photograph”. The pinhole camera, which presented the image upside down, was “re-invented” by Della Porta in 1600. The Camera Obscura, whose name derived from Aristotle’s discourse in which he discussed the effect of sunlight on images, was the subject of inquiry for years.

The history of the camera began to progress in 1827, when Joseph Nicephone Niepces spent 8 hours on a summer day making the first fixed image. After this development came Louis Jacques Monde Daguerre who developed more ways of capturing images, and his remains in the history of the camera, since the daguerreotype became the term used for the earliest photographs. Daguerre was successful enough to make a name for himself in the history of the camera. However, he was not able to reduce the exposure time to less than 30 minutes.

The first cameras in the history of the camera were huge, cumbersome devices using flash powder of flashbulbs which were made of magnesium coated wire and were replaced by foil and oxygen. Many years would pass in the history of the camera before portable cameras would be invented. Since then, new and improved cameras are always appearing on the market. The Polaroid instant camera eliminated the need to wait at the photo mat, and the disposable cameras became the favorite of tourist and those who simply left their camera at home. Digital cameras have revolutionized the history of cameras, because they allow the individual to choose which pictures they wish to have developed and to print out the photographs themselves. Many critics of the digital camera complained initially of the picture quality of printouts, but the technology of digital photographs and printers is improving so rapidly that criticisms instead become an impetus for change.

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